Common Surgical/Medical Conditions
Acne is a skin condition involving plugged and/or infected skin pores. Although common, it continues to be one of the most traumatic and scarring skin conditions for patients. It can appear in one's early teens and in some cases does not develop until adulthood. There are many causes for acne such as skin type, stress, hormones and environmental factors. Treatment varies depending on the type and location of acne. SCD has the most up-to-date and successful treatments designed for your specific type of acne.
Actinic Keratosis (AK) is a precancerous lesion of the skin caused by prolonged and repeated sun exposure. AKs are usually found on the face, ears, trunk, forearms, and back of hands. If left untreated, they may become squamous cell carcinomas. Early treatment, frequently by cryosurgery, topical medications, or specialized light treatments can eliminate them while they are only precancerous. Prevention includes sun avoidance and protection with UVB/UVA sunscreens and regular check-ups with a dermatologist.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer and affects one out of every 5 Americans. It is most often caused by overexposure to the sun. If diagnosed early through a biopsy, BCC can be treated easily by a few different methods such as: topical creams, curettage-electrodessication, cryosurgery or if necessary, surgical removal. Treatments vary and are best determined by a qualified dermatologist.
Contact dermatitis is a common condition caused by allergy or irritation from a specific exposure, such as poison ivy. Other causes include metals such as nickel, cosmetics or other topical preparations. This condition is treated with topical or occasionally oral steroids. In office allergy patch tests can be done to determine the cause of the dermatitis in some cases.
Dysplastic Nevi (Atypical moles) are moles that usually start off being benign. There are different levels of atypia in these moles ranging from mild to severe which can put one at higher risk of developing melanoma. Detection is best done by a biopsy to determine the level of atypia. Treatment, if required, can be as simple as close observation or surgical excision, depending on the degree of atypia.
Eczema is a common condition that involves dry, irritated skin. The most common type is called atopic dermatitis. Some cases can be triggered by allergic reaction and can be treated by avoiding trigger factors determined by a dermatologist. Although in most cases the exact cause in unknown, it is not contagious. Treatment, as for psoriasis, varies from patient to patient. The most common treatments are topical steroids, gentle creams/moisturizers and in some cases phototherapy treatments.
Melanoma is a malignant tumor that originates from cells that produce pigment (color) for our skin, hair and eyes. Early detection with a biopsy done by a qualified dermatologist can make the difference in prognosis. With early detection and treatment, melanoma can be nearly 100% curable. There are different levels of melanoma - treatment options vary from simple surgical excision for early melanoma to lymph node dissection and chemotherapy among other treatments for advanced stages.
MOHs Skin Cancer Surgery
Mohs Micrographic Surgery is the most advanced and effective procedure available today to treat skin cancer. This state-of-the-art treatment is performed by dermatologists who are trained in the specialized technique. This is the most precise method of tumor removal, minimizing the chance of cancerous re-growth while leaving the smallest scar. Mohs surgery has the highest success rate of all treatments for skin cancer – over a 99 percent cure rate. The Mohs procedure is the treatment of choice for cancers of the face and other sensitive areas because the accuracy of the microscopic surgical procedure. Mohs surgery has become the gold standard of treatment of skin cancer.
Psoriasis is a condition that affects skin causing red, scaly patches. It frequently appears on elbows or knees; however, it can appear on the scalp and full body. It is now believed that psoriasis often runs in families and is linked to our immune system. Treatment depends on the severity of disease as determined by a dermatologist and can be as simple as applying topical creams, phototherapy light treatment and in severe cases, medicated injections.
Rosacea is a disease that affects the skin on the face. It can appear like a blush across the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead. Often small blood vessels develop across the nose and cheeks. Although there is no cure for rosacea, there are treatments that can help control symptoms. Treatments include limiting sun exposure, hot drinks, alcohol, spicy foods, exercise, stress and temperature extremes. Patients may benefit from treatment as determined by their dermatologist. Topical antibiotics and, in some cases, laser surgery for blood vessels, followed by gentle skin care, sunscreen and moisturizers, can be very helpful.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer. Most cases are caused by overexposure to the sun; however some SCCs can occur spontaneously or are inherited. Most are not serious if identified and treated early. Advanced, SCC can be harder to treat and possibly cause disfigurement. It may even become life threatening. With early detection from a biopsy by a qualified dermatologist, SCC can be treated as easily as by application of topical medicine, surgical excision and/or other treatments determined by your dermatologist.